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What actually is Depression?

It’s a mental disorder characterized by a mood disorder.

The word “depression” is widely included in our everyday life. Often people mean by her mere transient depressed mood due to some unpleasant life events. However, these episodes usually decrease mood are normal reactions to stress, which are regularly experienced by all healthy people.

Most often, depression develops in the long-term stress or traumatic situation. Often, depressive disorders are hiding under the guise of a bad mood, character features. In order to avoid serious consequences, it is important to understand how and why there is a depression.

How do you recognize depression?

The warning signs include a decrease its own initiative, lose interest in what’s happening around you. They begin to make trouble normal activities at work and at home.

It also happens that unfairly and accuse themselves of any problem that occurs around you. Other symptoms include depression and sleep disorders.

What are the main symptoms of depression?

The main symptoms of depression are:

  • Bleak, depression, loss of sense of pleasure.
  • The lack of interest.
  • Inability to concentrate, memory impairment.
  • The inability to make a decision, obsessive return to the same issues.
  • Fear (before everyday life or indeterminate), inner restlessness, anxiety.
  • Feeling tired, lack of energy.
  • Sleep disturbance.
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss.
  • The lack of sexual interest.
  • Feeling the pressure, heaviness in the abdomen and chest.
  • Autonomic symptoms (dryness of mouth, constipation, sweating, etc.).

Depression forms and their causes:

  1. Organic Depression – It is also called depressive symptoms that are caused by a physical disorder.

Root causes:

  • Brain changes (e.g. after a stroke)
  • Disturbances or changes in hormone levels
  • Viral infections such as influenza or AIDS
  • Drug-triggered (e.g. by birth control pills or beta blockers)
  • Other diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Parkinson’s disease


  1. Endogenous Depression – It is a serious mental illness and often goes hand in hand with a high suicide rate.

Root causes:

  • Chemical changes in the body, affecting the brain function
  • Genetic factors / heredity
  1. Reactive depression – The reactive depression represents an overreaction of a psychically sensitive people on a bad experience. Such abnormal grief reaction can last for months or years. Often the patients suffer from severe psychosomatic disorders. Alcohol and drug abuse are not uncommon.

Root causes:

  • Death of a loved one
  • Separation from spouse
  • Professional or financial crisis
  • Profound negative experience


  1. Seasonal Depression – The seasonal depression is a mild form of depressive mood, which may be a reaction of the body to the dark, cold season.

Root Causes:

  • Altered hormone and energy balance in winter
  • Missing sunlight
  1. Neurotic depression – we also speak of depressive personality disorder – because it is more or less the life of the person concerned is by withdrawing a disturbance. Depressive-neurotic people are silent and cautious and act inhibited and depressed. Some give left outwards, others more sullenly and grumpy. Otherwise, they are solid, hardworking and concerned about stealth. In difficult situations, the depression can worsen.

Root Cause:

  • Conflict in childhood, it is that there was a lack of “warmth” or the persons concerned have been excessively supplied and is pampered. In both situations, the young person is prevented from freely and independently to develop



Unfortunately, alcoholism and drug addiction is often caused by depression. Alcohol and drugs provide patient a false sense of well-being. Depression also is the basis of a variety of social phobia (fear of losing a loved one, the fear of being in public places), and in severe cases can lead to suicidal thoughts and attempts.

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