Though the first commercial cigarettes were made in 1865 in North Carolina , the history of smoking goes back to 5000 BC. People from different cultures and societies have indulged in smoking. A cigarette contains around 60-70 toxic chemicals which causes fatal diseases.
What makes cigarette deadly?
Composition of cigarette that contains Nicotine, Carbon Monoxide and Tar which makes a cigarette toxic and reduces human life span by 25 years.
- Nicotine: It’s the nicotine that makes smoking addictive. It is because of the nicotine that we find it difficult to get rid of this habit of smoking. Nicotine acts a drug which reaches the brain in mere 15 seconds once inhaled. It can cause depression of nervous system and growth retardation.
- Tar : When a cigarette is smoked , huge amount of tar goes in the lungs. Around 70% of the tar stays there which can later cause cancer.
- Carbon Monoxide: Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas which affects the functioning of heart and brain, causes dizziness and fatigue.
Effects of smoking on body:
- Cancer: Smoking can be the reason of various cancerous infections such as lung cancer , bladder cancer , cervical , kidney, oral cavity cancer and oesophagus cancer.Almost 87% lung cancers are caused due to smoking.
- Heart diseases: Smoking increases the risk for all heart diseases including heart attacks. It regulates the heart rate and blood pressure. It can create clot in the blood which can ultimately result in blockage of veins and arteries.
- Burning Stomach: Digestive system gets disturbed with smoking. Smoke causes heat burns, peptic ulcers and stones in bladder. It may even lead to stomach cancer.
- Aging Skin: Glow-less rough skin with wrinkles is a common occurrence with smokers. Due to smoking skin is deprived of oxygen due to which person looks older than his usual age.
Some other risks of smoking:
- Almost 48.5% people die because of smoke related cancer.
- Mother smoking with baby in womb severely effects the health of child. It can effect the development of baby and might have difficulty while reading when he grows up.